Is Lemon just an Ordinary fruit?
Is Lemon an ordinary fruit? This might be the question on the minds of a lot of people. The answer will be revealed in the course of this article.
Table of Contents
What are lemons?
Lemons are greenish-yellow fruits that are classified as citrus: other fruits in this category are oranges, limes and grapes. They are species of a small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia, primarily Northeast India, Northern Myanmar or China and its scientific name is Citrus limon.
Lemons are very rejuvenating and refreshing, they are usually not eaten whole due to their sour taste but rather as dessert, garnish or flavour. If you are still wondering Is Lemon just an Ordinary fruit? Remember lemons are great sources for the popular lemonade drink which can be used as a drink on its own or mixed with other preservatives to form other types of drinks including Chapman.
Moreso, they are generally a great source of vitamin C and fibers, lemons contain a great number of plant compounds and minerals. This fruit is evidently a repeller of heart diseases, cancer and kidney failure. That’s not all, lemons have other health benefits that will be also outlined in this article.
Firstly, let’s take an overview of the nutritional value of Lemons.
Lemons contain less fat and protein but are abundantly rich in water and carbs. This is to say that a medium-sized lemon provides barely 20 calories.
However, 88 – 89% of a lemon contains water while 10% is basically carbs. Carbs are simply called carbohydrates in clearer terms and are primarily composed of fibers and simple sugars like sucrose, fructose and glucose.
The fiber in lemons is Pectin which has great effectiveness in lowering blood sugar levels by slowing down the rate at which the body digests sugar.
Vitamins in Lemons are mostly:
- Vitamin C : This acts as an antioxidant and is important for skin health, immune system and injuries.
- Potassium: Diets that are highly rich in potassium can lower blood pressure levels and also coordinate the heart functions.
- Vitamin B6: This vitamin converts food into useful energy in the body.
Recall that lemons have plant compounds, what are these plant compounds?
They are natural bioactive substances found in plants that garner several health benefits. The plant compounds in lemons may have beneficial effects on cancer, inflammation and cardiovascular diseases. Here are some plant compounds found in lemon;
- Hesperidin: This is also an antioxidant that strengthens blood vessels and prevent atherosclerosis – this is the building up of fatty deposits inside the arteries.
- Citric acid: This is most abundant in citrus plants that are organic, lemons inclusive. They prevent the formation of kidney stones.
- Diosmin: This is used in some drugs that affect circulation because they improve the muscles and reduces chronic blood vessels inflammation.
- D-limonene: This is found in lemon peels and lemon grasses too. D-limonene contains essential oils and is responsible for the distinctive aroma of lemons. It can reduce heartburn, relieve stress and stomach reflux.
- Eriocitrin: It can also be found in lemon peels and its juice. It can also be effective for stomach pains and cramps that come with menstruation.
Note that most of these plant compounds are not found in just lemon juice, the whole fruit (peel excluded) should be eaten for maximum effect.
Health benefits of Lemons
Lemons are the best organic citrus plants and have the most beneficial activities.
1. Heart health
The rate at which people die from heart diseases and heart complications is alarming. It is evaluated as the world’s most common cause of death. It has been scientifically noted that intake of fruits high in vitamin C is linked to reduced heart disease risk.
Also, a high intake of these vitamins reduces stroke and lowers cholesterol levels which can also cause heart problems.
2. Prevention of Kidney Stones
The citric acid in lemons can reduce kidney stones in the body. Studies have shown that lemon and lemonades can be effective to minimize kidney stones.
3. Anemia prevention
Anaemia is an iron deficiency disease and is most common in teenagers and pre-menopausal women.
Lemons contain some amount of iron but since it is richly blessed with vitamin C and citric acid, these two vitamins increase the absorption of iron from other foods. Hence, since lemons enhance the absorption of iron, it is safe to say that they can prevent anaemia.
Plant compounds like hesperidin and d-limonene are majorly involved in reducing the rate of cancer in the body and they can be found in lemons. Breast cancer is an example of one of the diseases lemons reduces its growth.
Negative effects of lemons
As a popular saying goes, ” most advantages come with disadvantages too”, lemons also have some adverse effects on the body and health generally.
Citrus fruits can cause some allergic reactions in some people. They can also increase the rate of skin infections and diseases particularly, in people who have cases of dementia.
Finally, lemons when eaten too much can cause irritation in the teeth and grossly reduce dental health due to their acidic contents.
Lemons are largely one of the popular citrus fruits around the world and their benefits cannot be overemphasized. If you are looking out for a health booster, they are the surest bet for you. However, it is advised to take them in moderate amounts, eating a lemon or taking a cup of lemon juice daily is recommended to avoid the accumulation of excess citric acid in the body.
Do you still think lemon is an ordinary fruit? Drop your comments below.